Laws 2


Mesopotamia was a very advanced ancient civilization. They brought us inventions like irrigation, literacy and even the wheel. Things we use a lot in common era. They sustained a proper civilization with government. One aspect of government is its laws, which is what I will be sharing my gathered knowledge with you today.



Laws:
There are a lot of Laws in Mesopotamian times. Similar to today, they use laws to bring justice and order to the civilians of Their cities like Sumer. Now There would be far to many to list here so I'm going to name the ones I think are the most important.
-Cutting another persons foot off is worth 60 shekels. Now keep in mind, it takes a few days of 10 hour labor to earn about 5 shekels. Although who would chop off a foot during a fight?
-Breaking a bone is worth 60 shekels also as losing your foot, (and on a side note medicine wasn't a real practice of science. So breaking a bone could very well be as sever as losing a foot.)
-Cutting off a other persons nose equals to 40 shekels. This brings a few points to mind. Is it worth working around 25 days for cutting of a persons nose? Also is it so common for a nose to be removed so they made it a common law?
-Knocking another persons tooth out is worth 2 shekels, compared to the other violence crimes this isn't that bad.
-Breaking off a mans arm/leg is worth 20 shekels yet breaking a slave mans arm/leg is equal to 10 shekels.
-Biting off a nose of a free man is worth 40 shekels, yet biting off a nose of a slaves is worth 3 shekels. So it shows how much they value free mans life to a slaves.
- If a citizen doesn't obey the rules, they shall slaughter the person.
These are just a few laws due to the fact if I listen all of them, the list would be to successive and long because a functional society needs a lot of rules and clarification to be working.



Punishments:
From what I gathered, the people in Mesopotamia had a odd way to today's time. Opposing to modern day punishment tactics, their law system consist of paying, and very primitive ways. For example, biting a mans nose off would make you pay. Yet biting a nose off is very barbaric so it shows how much we evolved from then to now.

Why is This important?:
Mesopotamia was the first major civilization to have Laws, without laws who knows what would happen? Riots, theft and crime in general could take place without punishments. So where you live today could be run down if Laws didn't exist!

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Laws 2

Primitive, meaning - being the first or earliest of the kind or in existence, especially in an early age of the world: In other words, undeveloped. So I used this word in my blog to describe the early civilizations. Their judicial system was quite new considering they were the first to make it, and their laws revolve mostly on paychecks rather than serving modern day “Hard time.”

Say if you break a person’s arm in ancient times, they would just pay a fee, rather than serving X amount of years.

Successive: meaning - following one another or following others. In other words one after the other. This shows how much laws they had to make to have order. If they only had 1 law, do not hit each other, they would need to make more in depth rules to enforce it for instance, if you are being attacked are you allowed to get help? Are you allowed to hit back? They need a lot of other laws to support that as clarification may be needed.

Law: meaning - the system of rules that a particular country or community recognizes as regulating the actions of its members and may enforce by the imposition of penalties. In other words, rules. Now this one is pretty broad but to me has the most significant value. Laws are what brings rules to a city/community. If there was no laws, then you would witness crime left and right on a day-to-day bases. Law is very important and all cities have them, they are what keep civilians safe and happy. If the law was do not commit murder, you would have police to keep you safe from the people that may try to harm you. That’s what some of the tax dollars or “Burdens” go to.