Laws1 (By Bjorn)

Mesopotamia Laws

Mesopotamian law background
The city/states of Mesopotamia created the first codes and laws. These big decisions to make the laws were made by kings. The most renowned of the cities was Hammurabi because of its famous laws. The codes of Hammurabi were created in 1780 BC this shows that this is one of the earliest of laws ever found. Hammurabi had over 200 laws codified and approved of by their king.

Sumerian first code of laws:

If a man commits a homicide, they shall kill that man.

If a man acts lawlessly, they shall kill him.

These laws assume that the person is guilty and in our laws today, we would give the person a trial first to see if they are guilty and then impose a punishment. What if the man killed in self-defence? What about if it was accidental? Should he still be killed? This law does not allow for any other circumstances to be considered.

If a man violates the rights of another and deflowers the virgin wife of a young man, they shall kill that male.

If the wife of a young man on her own initiative, approaches a man and initiates sexual relations with him, they shall kill that woman. That male shall be released.

These laws shows that there is no justice for the woman, they are just punishing the man because he took the rights of another man. The woman would have rights in our society today.

If a man acts in violation of the rights of another, and deflowers the virgin slave woman of a man, he shall weigh and deliver 5 shekels of silver.

This law shows that slaves have no value in this society. If a man violates the slave, then he just has to pay a low sum.

Hammurabi Laws:

If a builder build a house for someone and does not construct it properly, and the house which he built fall in and kill its owner, then that builder shall be put to death.

These laws do not allow for any circumstances or natural disasters. If you did this, then this will happen. I feel like it was dangerous to be a builder by trade! You could get put to death if the house falls down and kills the owner. I mean what about if the owner did something stupid like walk on the roof and fall through to his death? Should the builder still be killed?




Monologue

Hi my name is Erdu and I am builder. I build houses for the citizens of Hammurabi. I am currently protesting for my equality because one of our cities laws for builders is unfair to us builders. This law is, If a builder constructs a house for someone and does not construct it properly, and the house which he built fall in and kill its owner, then that builder shall be put to death. We builders think this is an unfair law because they don’t account for any other circumstances. For instance, circumstances like natural disasters and even if the home owner was stupid and walked on the roof and fell to his death. These instances are not our fault, we did not cause them and therefor we shall not be put to DEATH! We are protesting for our RIGHTS!