What are the Hanging Gardens?
The hanging gardens of babylon are one of the 7 wonders of the world. It grew exotic plants, imported from foreign lands. The plants were grown above ground level, draping down from walls and the rooftops. Some of the plants grown in gardens are said to have been cedar, cypress, myrtle, juniper, almond, date palm, ebony, olive, oak, terebinth, nuts, ash, firs, nightshade, willow, pomegranate, plum, pear, quince, fig, and grapevine.

Juniper
Juniper

Nightshade
Nightshade
Pomegranate
Pomegranate


Quince
Quince
Olives
Olives

Who Built the Gardens and Why?
Nebuchadnezzar was the king who built the gardens. They were built to please his homesick wife Amyitis, who he had married to make an alliance between Media and Babylonia. Amyitis was raised in a land with lots of mountains and trees, so she thought Mesopotamia was depressing because it was a flat and sun-baked environment. Nebuchadnezzar, wanted to make her happier, so he decided to build the hanging gardens.

Technology
The gardens also showed their advances in technology. Since Babylon rarely received rain, the gardens had to be irrigated. They made pipe systems under the hanging gardens so streams of water emerged from the pipes and watered the plants. This kept the whole area moist.

The Hanging Gardens of Babylons' Water System
The Hanging Gardens of Babylons' Water System




Critical Thinking
Monologue (from a slave’s point of view)
King Nebuchadnezzar has just decided to upgrade his palace. His idea is to build a gigantic garden full of exotic plants forAmytis his wife and our queen. I don’t know much about it, but I heard she was raised in a land with lots of plants and nature and that she only married the king so they could make a stronger alliance. I can see how she thought Mesopotamia was depressing. Nebuchadnezzar wanted to make her happier, so he decided to build the hanging gardens. From the blueprints I’ve seen, the architecture looks really complicated. There are lots of columns and plants draping off everything. No one really wants to build it because it’s really expensive. They’re going to have to import foreign plants here to build the garden!
I thought it would be interesting to see how they got their water supply since Mesopotamia is known for its hot temperatures and sun. Apparently they’re doing this system where a couple of slaves have to be turning a wheel pretty much every second of the day. The wheels will move some buckets that gather water from the Euphrates River and deposit it on the terraces of the Hanging Gardens. Then water runs down the terraces and delivers water to all the plants!
Even though the idea sounds interesting, I’d rather it didn’t happen. That would mean so much more work for us, and we already don’t get fed enough.
Just as I finish washing the dishes, I hear the king announce the gardens will be built and all the slaves will work double the hours. I groan and get ready for our hard day of work.