Mesopotamian civilizations were full of art and culture. They did tons of beautiful sculptures. The artwork survived up to 5,000 years, making it some of the earliest surviving art. They lived between the Tigris River and the Euphrates River which limits the resources for making forms of visual art. They made them from natural resources, such as stone, shell. alabaster, and marble. The most common early art work was made by Sumerians, but a bunch of different clans did different visual arts. You may be wondering why they made art and who got to keep it. The answer to this is that art was made for the powerful, glorious, or person in control to prove there power and divinity. Since the art was created for a specific person, or reason, very few pieces of art have the artists signature. They were meant to prove something about a place or person, not to show how good of an artist someone was.
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Ishtar Gate 574 B.C.E.

This is the Ishtar Gate. It was built 574 B.C.E.It was sponsored by King Nebuchadnezzar II in honor of the goddess Ishtar. It Is made of bricks that have bin glazed or painted in blue. It is a stunning gate and was once considered one of the seven wonders of the world. It is also used in many festivals and celebrations. If you look closely, you can see figures that look almost golden. They are alternating between the Bas-Relief mushussa or Bas-Relief dragon and the aurochs, a type of cattle. The roof and the door were maid from cedar. Inside the gate, there are lions and flowers that are also on glazed bricks. The Ishtar Gate was built in Babylon, or what is now Iraq. There are seven other gates, but this is the main one, the entrance to the city. He wanted it built to help his plan move along. His plan was to beautify his city. (During his plan he also rebuilt the temple of Marduk and the Hanging Gardens.)

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Lamassu 720-705 B.C.E

This is the Lamassu. It is a being with a bull's body, the wings from an eagle, and a human head with a crown. There is most commonly two of them, side by side. They are
suppose to be the ultimate protection from evil. In this case it is placed by a door, to protect the city from evil forever.
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Stele of Hammurabi 1790 B.C.E.



This is the Stele of Hammurabi. It was built in 1790 B.C.E. King Hammurabi was the one who ordered the sculpture to be built. It is used to represent or remind people of the laws that King Hammurabi enforced. This is one example of how art is needed to keep things organized. According to him, he was chosen by god to enforce his divine laws. He commanded that laws he enforced were engraved on the statue. He also wanted himself to be in a animated dialogue above the engravings.
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Victory stele of Naram-sin 2230 B.C.E.



This is the Victory Stele of Naram-sin built in 2230 B.C.E. This Akkaidian sculpture was one of the first to have a character as alike to god. This art work is made of sandstone and is important because it shows scale and it has symbolism. Naram-sin is shown above all the other people which indicates his importants. He had a special horned crown and the stars were in arms length for him which is a way to say that he is superior.


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Guennol Lioness 3000 B.C.E



This is the Guennol Lioness. It was thought to be built about 5000 years ago, so roughly 3000 B.C.E. It is 8.3cm or 3.25 inches tall! It sold for 57.2 million dollars! That is a record
price for a sculpture! This lovely sculptureis made out of white limestone. It is said to be carved in Elam, in Mesopotamia, or what is now modern day Iran. This sculpture has the body of a human and the head of a lion. To find out where it came from, they compared it with other art work. It shared the most similarities with the Mesopotamian art from Elam.


Dear people,

It is me, the goddess Ishtar. I am writing to you in my last moments here on earth. I am not sure who will find this letter, if it is found. I am here in Babylon, where I am about to leave. I want to send you a warning. You must save as much as possible, including the Ishtar Gate. I am fleeing from a bad curse that was put on this land. If you do not run, you will die. Save the artifacts so that a piece of this land will always be safe. The Ishtar gate must be saved as well. I put my own curse on it, to get revenge on the city for everything it put me threw and it is a very religious piece with lots of dragons and cattle. Don't let that good art and religion disappear. There is a Guennol Lioness that is one of the oldest pieces of artwork that we have kept safe. It should not be hard to keep though, it is only 3.25 inches tall! Some say that it is also cursed, and if you leave it then it will let out a nasty disease. Lamassus will do what they can, but this curse is to strong, it will even beat them, the ultimate protection from evil. Only rooms guarded by two of them, one on each side, even have the slightest chance of surviving. If my warning is found too late, there may be something you can do to stop this terrifying curse. The Stele of Hammurabi is engraved with laws that king Hammurabi enforced. most curses try to follow the rules, so if you can prove it is breaking a law, you might have a chance. If you can't stop it or escape, at least have the chance to look and enjoy beautiful art. Don't let art go to waste, guard it with your life. Oh, one last thing, do your best to make art live on, earth is nothing without it.

If you are in the future, I hope it isn't to late, and please listen to my warnings about the dangerous sculptures.

Whom ever you are, I wish you good luck.

Sincerely,

Ishtar