History of Mesopotamia was characterized by numerous invasions and conquests which also greatly influenced art and even architecture. The architecture of Mesopotamian is the ancient architecture of the region of the Tigris-Euphrates river system. There are some of the structures they created in these times like the Ziggurat. Another form of architecture that Mesopotamians made were palaces. These palaces were very big and well decorated. There was often decorative art on the walls of these palaces that were known as orthostats. Kings and people of royalty lived in these. Palaces were very helpful to the society for several reasons. Not only were they used as a place for the royal people of Mesopotamia to live but they were also open to the public. They contained food storehouses, ceremonial courtyards, workshops for craftsmen, and shrines.

The Ziggurat.png Mesopotamian house 2.png
These are some of the examples they built during these times.

The Materials they Use to Build

Since there is no building stone around, they use mud, because they can find them almost everywhere. First, they collect the mud and use them to mold and shape with a molding frame. Then, they dry them under the hot sun for about an hour or so until they harden into solid, stone bricks. Finally, they use the hardened bricks for building structures like how simples houses, temples and many more. Houses were constructed from bundles of reeds lashed together and inserted in the ground, while more complex homes were built of sun-dried clay brick (a practice followed later by the Egyptians.) There are even different kinds of brick they use for building such as red bricks, which are used in small applications involving water, decoration, monumental construction and adobe-bricks. They were preferred over vitreous brick because of its superior thermal properties and lower manufacturing costs.A late innovation was glazed vitreous brick. Sumerian masonry was usually mortarless although was sometimes used. Brick styles, which varied greatly over time, are categorized by period.

click here to watch how they make mud bricks. 😀

How it All Started

The beginnings of monumental architecture in Mesopotamia are usually considered to have been contemporary with the founding of the Sumerian cities and the invention of writing, about 3100 BCE. Conscious attempts at architectural design during this so-called (c. 3400–c. 2900 BCE) are recognizable in the construction of religious buildings. The Mesopotamians regarded "The Craft of Building" as a divine gift taught to men by the gods in the planning and execution of any building project and very specific prayers, recited in a set order to the proper deity, were considered of utmost importance in the success of the project and the prosperity of the occupants of the home. This was so early that the architects didn't know how to make a big building stay up if it was hollow inside, so the first big buildings are solid - like a sand-castle - rather than really useful as buildings.